Logistics

Logistics

How to address environmental issues within humanitarian logistics

Logistics

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The Logistics Cluster provides coordination and information management to support operational decision-making and improve the predictability, timeliness and efficiency of the humanitarian emergency response. Where necessary, the Logistics Cluster also facilitates access to common logistics services.

Logistics, among other things, involves procurement, warehouse storage, freight, flights, vehicle fleet management, driving and packaging of materials. All of these components are entry points to use cost-effective and environmental good practices with some preparation and training on the front end.

In the context of humanitarian logistics, green logistics encourages stakeholders to consider the impact of their actions on the environment. Green logistics views “cost” in a wider term than pure monetary cost, considering also the environmental impacts of logistical activities. Consequently, the climate change impacts, air pollution, waste, noise, vibration and accident risk of a logistics chain are examined and mitigated where feasible. The main objective of green logistics is to implement logistics activities across the entire supply chain in such a way that beneficiary needs are met and the cost to the environment are reduced to the extent possible.

Activities should follow the waste hierarchy approach – minimizing rather than managing waste. The follow order of activities is preferred: prevent, minimize, reuse, recycle, recover (including energy), landfill, with uncontrolled disposal not being an acceptable alternative.

 

Environmental checklist for logistics (adapted from Green Logistics guide):

 

Key environmental activities (adapted from Green Logistics guide):

 

For vehicles, consider the following (adapted from Green Logistics guide):

 

Resources

Key Resource

Bidibidi Refugee Settlement: Environmental Scoping Report and Recommendations

Summary

The report presents the results of a September 2019 environmental scoping mission by the UN Environment Programme / OCHA Joint Environment Unit (JEU) and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC). The Bidibidi Refugee Settlement is located in the West Nile Area of Uganda, and is home to over 270,000 South Sudanese refugees — the second largest refugee settlement in the world.

 

The purpose of the mission was to highlight key areas of environmental risk in the NRC West Nile Programme while using, testing and promoting the Nexus Environmental Assessment Tool (NEAT+). The mission was financially supported by NRC, UNEP and OCHA.

Environmental Scoping in Uganda

The scoping took place in Bidibidi Settlement Zones 3 and 5, locations of a future NRC and partner funded European Union Trust Fund (EUTF) programme with a strong emphasis on agriculture and food security.

These zones were chosen in order to test the differences in environmental sensitivity between the newest established Zone 5 and the older Zone 3. Bidibidi Refugee Settlement was opened in August 2016 to accommodate a high influx of South Sudanese refugees.

To support the needs of the South Sudanese refugees, who primarily come from the Equatoria region, and the host communities of Bidibidi refugee settlement, there are over 30 civil society and government organizations working within Bidibidi.

Current environmental dialogue about Bidibidi is often focused on minimizing land degradation and deforestation, due to host and refugee community dependence on biomass for fuel. This concern is well documented by both government and and civil society organizations, with several mitigation strategies already underway.

The scoping mission additionally identified environmental concerns that seem under-defined by current programmes of work in Bidibidi. Of particular concern is the lack of waste management, leading to increased risks to human health, and lack of awareness about environmentally sustainable behaviours.

Further reading/Download

The findings of this report are based on a combination of a field test of the NEAT+, eight focus group discussions including participatory mapping with refugee and host community groups, and a secondary data review.

Download the full report here.

 

To learn more about NEAT+ please visit https://ehaconnect.org/resources/neat

To find out how it can support your organization’s planning, contact the UN Environment/Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Joint Unit (ochaunep@un.org).

Download

Key Resource

IUCN – From Commitment to Action

This publication by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) provides a briefing on transforming disaster risk reduction with ecosystem management.

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Key Resource

Moving Energy Initiative, The Costs of Fuelling Humanitarian Aid

As humanitarian crises become more protracted and aid budgets face unprecedented scrutiny, agencies could save millions by switching from diesel and oil fuels to cleaner energy sources, according to a new report from Chatham House for the Moving Energy Initiative. The research paper offers the first ever assessment of energy use by humanitarian organizations and concludes that despite the essential role of energy in humanitarian action, and the UN´s stated commitment to carbon neutrality by 2020, to date there is no concerted effort to move away from fossil fuels.

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Key Resource

Logistics Operational Guide – Green Logistics guidance

The guide introduces logisticians to green logistics, encouraging them to think in “green” terms and highlighting the challenges and advantages. The site provides guidance on environmental best practice for the logistics cluster.

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Key Resource

Sustainable Logistics – Best Practices from the Global Compact

The document summarizes best sustainable logistics practices from the ten largest logistics companies and from other transportation businesses that have committed to the Global Compact principles.

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Key Resource

Green Guide to Materials and the Supply Chain

This training module is concerned with construction materials and procurement. It describes how to use fewer materials, how to use local sources of materials in a sustainable way, and the use of disaster debris and recycled items as building material.

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Key Resource

Green Recovery & Reconstruction Toolkit: Training Toolkit for Humanitarian Aid (GRRT)

The GRRT is a toolkit and training program designed to increase awareness and knowledge of environmentally responsible disaster response approaches.

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Additional Resource

Asbestos and Humanitarian Response – A Life-Threatening Humanitarian Challenge

This summary summarizes the session from the Humanitarian Networks and Partnerships Week on Asbestos and Humanitarian response, from February 2020. Core questions posed in the session included (1) what the immediate actions, which can be taken to reduce the asbestos risks in post-disaster operations, and (2) What the long-term options are for reducing overall asbestos risks and specific risks following disasters. The summary further includes available information and guidelines on disaster waste handling and cases studies conducted by the Mozambique Shelter Cluster and UNDP on General Strategy for Risk Reduction linked to Asbestos Cement.

Download

Additional Resource

Guidance on Change of Ownership in Hazardous Facilities

OECD has published a guideline on change of ownership in hazardous facilities, where the guideline highlights the key elements of safety management. The guidance is a high-level document prepared as part of the OECD Chemical Accident Programme and informs that ownership change can be well managed if a good level of stability is kept in the management of the facility throughout the transaction and can even result in an improvement of the safety condition of the plant as a result of the new owner’s actions. The guideline further stresses that stakeholders involved in an ownership change should be aware of the hazards that facilities are capable of posing and understand that accidents can affect the public and the surrounding environment.

The guidance aims to raise awareness around ownership change, give general principles of supporting a safe ownership change and give a framework to assist all stakeholders in identifying, understanding and minimising the main risks drivers, among others.

Download

Additional Resource

Evaluating Climate Vulnerability in Humanitarian Hotspots

This study, conducted in 2019, focuses on the definition of climate vulnerability with operational and political perspectives and delivers guidelines for assessing climate vulnerability in long-term crises, such as in conflict-affected countries and recurrent disaster-prone areas.

The research draws on an extensive academic literature review in the fields of biology, political science, sociology and geography. It derives data from a variety of innovative projects and methods in the field of development and humanitarian aid, induced and encouraged by the Grand Bargain. In addition, the research offers a contribution to the IKI Project carried out by the UNEP/OCHA Joint Environment Unit in the refugee camp of Gitega Province in Burundi.

The study is available in French only.

Download

Additional Resource

Mozambique Shelter Cluster & UNDP – General strategy for risk reduction linked to asbestos cement

This strategy addresses awareness, assessment and management of asbestos cement material present in debris and damaged roofing following Cyclone Idai in Mozambique (2019). Drawing from the case study, the strategy (document) provides a general outline of key steps to raise awareness (presentation) ; design trainings; and plan and implement safe removal, handling and disposal of asbestos in emergency situations (Guidance Note)

 

Download

Additional Resource

CRS & EPP – Peace Renewable Energy Credits

This report introduces the PREC as a new mechanism for financing renewable energy in conflict- and crisis-affected countries. The report assesses the market feasibility of PRECs through the lens of existing renewable energy markets. It includes a summary of renewable energy markets, drivers of demand, and the impact of voluntary REC markets on the growth of the renewable energy sector. The report ultimately highlights the potential for PRECs to bridge current funding gaps that hinder renewable energy development in fragile parts of the world.

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Additional Resource

UNDG – Natural Resource Management in Transition Settings

This guidance note aims to raise awareness and increase
understanding of the negative and positive roles that natural
resources can play in peace consolidation. It provides
practical guidance to assist in thinking through how
natural resource management principles and practices can
feed into transitional analysis and planning frameworks.

Visit

Additional Resource

Asia Pacific – DWM guidelines

The Disaster Waste Management Guidelines for Asia Pacific, published by the Japanese Ministry of the Environment, is developed to enhance preparedness for disasters by exchanging information, awareness and human resources during normal (non-hazard) times.  The guidelines aims to provide a practical tool during a potential disaster as well as in a post-disaster recovery stage by preparing DW disposal in advance for a more effective process.

Visit

Additional Resource

Chathamhouse – The Moving Energy Initiative (MEI)

The Moving Energy Initiative (MEI) provided by the Chathamhouse offers guidance on energy in humanitarian operations. The MEI is an international consortium, funded
by UKAID, seeking to transform the way that energy is treated in the humanitarian system. This toolkit provides practical guide for humanitarian agencies that want to make energy cost savings and reduce their carbon and emissions footprint.

Visit

Additional Resource

UNEP – Integrated Strategic Environmental Assessment (ISEA) Guidance Note

The UN Environment Guidance note on Integrated Strategic Environmental Assessments in Post-Crisis Countries provides information on how to integrate disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in sustainable reconstruction and development planning. It provides practical guidance on how to manage the process of assembling data and obtaining consensus from a wide range of actors to produce robust and widely accepted ‘Opportunity Maps’ for sustainable reconstruction and development.

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Additional Resource

UNOCHA – HPC Tools

The Humanitarian Programme Cycle (HPC) tools provided by the UNOCHA is a coordinated series of actions undertaken to help prepare and deliver humanitarian response.

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Additional Resource

FAO -The SAFE Framework

The report of the Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) presents an overview of FAO’s work on the initiative and the steps needed to scale up the approach in order to build  resilience through the SAFE framework.

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Additional Resource

FAO Guidance – The SAFE Leaflet

The Safe Access to Fuel and Energy leaflet (SAFE) created by the FAO is an initiative that aims at strengthening resilience of crisis-affected populations. FAO is collaborating with partners through the SAFE initiative to address energy needs during emergencies and protracted crises, and to build resilient livelihoods in a sustainable manner.

Visit

Additional Resource

UNHCR – Disaster Waste Recovery, Guidelines for Implementing Cash-for-Work Projects in the Waste Management Sector

The guidelines for implementing Cash-for-Work Projects (CfW) in the waste management sector is an initiative of Caritas, Action Against Hunger and the Danish Refugee Council. They provide guiding principles and criteria for implementing cfW programs in the waste management sector as a means to achieve environmental goals and improve the livelihoods of refugees and vulnerable local communities.

Visit

Additional Resource

UNDP – Guidance Note on Municipal Solid Waste Management in Crisis and Post-Crisis Settings

The UNDP Guidance note forms part of a series of UNDP’s
signature products that aims to respond and support early recovery in immediate crisis and post-crisis contexts with practical advice and guidance to UNDP Country Offices. The objective is to provide guidance on how to plan, design and implement projects that offers immediate support for managing municipal solid waste.

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Additional Resource

UNDP – Guidance Note on Debris Management

The focus of the UNDP Guidance Note on debris management is to provide urgent post-crisis and post-disaster assistance. It offers practical advice to UNDP Country Offices on how to plan, design and implement short-term projects that effectively connects governments and communities in the process of assessment, clearance, recycling and management of debris following a national disaster.

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Additional Resource

UNEP – Managing post-disaster debris: the Japan experience

A report conducted by the UNEP regarding the international expert mission to Japan targeting the management of post-disaster debris.

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Additional Resource

WWF – Cluster Tip Sheets

Case studies of the Hariyo Ban Programs in Nepal, designed to build resilience to climate change in communities and ecosystems by restoring and conserving Nepal’s forest. The studies, conducted by the WWF, demonstrates how the projects have been implemented after disasters and how projects with good environmental planning and management can help reduce both short-term and long-term risks to those affected by disasters.

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Additional Resource

HLCM Procurement Network – Greening the Blue

Greening the Blue is a resource center for sustainable procurement action providing information and guidelines on procurement efforts in the UN, created by the HLCM Procurement Network. The resource center offers assistance to procurers and requisitioners regarding sustainable procurement. The website contains guidelines, statistics, policy information, background documents and a collection of good practices across the UN system.

Visit

Additional Resource

CDEMA, IFRC & UNDP – Early Warning System Toolkit

The Early Warning Systems Toolkit is an information resource for sector practitioners, policy and decision makers which can assist in developing and/or strengthening early warning systems for hydro-meteorological and coastal hazards within the Caribbean context. The Toolkit is a compilation of guidance and operational documents in an online platform developed by the CDEMA, IFRC and UNDP.

Visit

Additional Resource

ICLEI – Sustainable Procurement Platform

The Sustainable Procurement Platform is a resource center that provides tools and guidelines for sustainable procurement efforts managed by the ICLEI. The platform offers assistance for public and private sector organisations to implement sustainable, innovative, circular or strategic procurement.

Visit

Additional Resource

Moving Energy Initiative, Powering Ahead – Improving how we use and account for energy in humanitarian operations

This toolkit published by the Moving Energy Initiative is a practical guide for humanitarian agencies that want to make energy cost savings and reduce their carbon and emissions footprint. It is part of a series of published outputs examining how energy is used in humanitarian settings. It is designed to accompany our research paper ‘The Costs of Fuelling Humanitarian Aid’ which provides insight into energy use in the humanitarian sector and demonstrates the case for change.

Visit

Additional Resource

USAID Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) for Phosphone Fumigation of Stored Agricultural Commodity

The Fumigation PEA establishes a clear approach to manage health and environmental risks for actors that plan to undertake phosphine fumigation in a warehouse setting.

Visit

Additional Resource

E-waste (batteries)

This guidance explains how to deal with batteries in operations (reduce, reuse, recycle, dispose)

Download

Additional Resource

E-waste (light bulbs and lamps)

This guidance explains how to deal with light bulbs and lamps in operations (reduce, reuse, recycle, dispose)

Download
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