Virtual Environmental and Humanitarian Adviser Tool – (VEHA Tool) is a tool
to easily integrate environmental considerations in humanitarian response. Sector Planning guidances allow you to environmentally align your project strategy design.

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VEHA - Sector Planning Guidance

Water supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (WASH)
Access to sanitation

Access to Sanitation

Sector result

Ensure access to water and sanitation for communities while sustainably managing land, water and ecosystems.


Define the indicators

# of crisis-affected people gaining appropriate hygiene conditions  while respecting the environment


Ask Questions

Have sanitation activities been designed to minimize the risks of groundwater, surface water, air, and soil pollution, and vector-borne disease as per Sphere WASH standards 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4.1, and 4.2 and associated guidance notes?


Include a Source of Verification

The sanitation plan includes criteria and actions to mitigate the environmental impact of excreta management, water, air, and soil contamination


Consult Guidance & Examples

·  Minimise negative environmental impacts of excreta management, for example contamination of surface or groundwater, air or soil. This includes the correct disposal or treatment of water with minimal environmental damage. Seek environmentally beneficial solutions such as disposal of water to reed filtration beds where they can be demonstrated to fully clean wastewater and leachates.

·  For Construction of sanitation facilities (showers, toilets, laundry points, etc.), it is crucial to sustainably sourced construction materials as a condition of tenders, regular removal of construction wastes, regular elimination of stagnant water and any food waste, installation of mosquito-repellent plants (e.g. limonsillo) to protect workers and patients, water and energy systems to reduce consumption. See the Smart Hospitals Toolkit for recommendations.

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