Virtual Environmental and Humanitarian Adviser Tool – (VEHA Tool) is a tool
to easily integrate environmental considerations in humanitarian response. Sector Planning guidances allow you to environmentally align your project strategy design.

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VEHA - Sector Planning Guidance

Essential Healthcare - Sexual and reproductive health

Essential Healthcare – Sexual and reproductive health

Sector result

Ensure appropriate health response while minimising any negative programme impact on the natural environment


Define the indicators

% of clean delivery packages prepared from sustainably sourced locally produced products and packaged with local recyclable materials

% of STD and HIV prevention packages prepared from local products and packaged with local recyclable materials

% or # of activities which include adequate waste management of menstrual hygiene, incontinence items, STD and HIV prevention methods, and treatment items and contraception methods.


Ask Questions

Does your intervention include activities that will strengthen the environmental sustainability of sexual and reproductive health products and non-polluting management of waste which do not increase the burden on local authorities?

Does your intervention take into account cultural preferences and traditions?

Does your intervention consider the long-term use of products such as re-usable or sustainable menstrual and contraceptive products?


Include a Source of Verification

Measure behaviour changes in relation to contraception methods to reduce waste from unwanted, unused items and packaging.

Community consultation.

Measure behaviour changes in relation to menstrual hygiene kits as well as for their safe use and disposal.


Consult Guidance & Examples

• Items that can be recycled, repurposed, or resold after initial use can be introduced alongside assessing the behaviour of assisted people and providing them with items they usually use and are comfortable to use, in order to avoid waste. Biodegradable materials can be used instead of plastics.

• A range of contraceptive types should be available immediately to meet anticipated demand and providers should be trained to remove long-active reversible contraceptives. Messages need to be oriented towards the safe disposal of items such as condoms.

• Installing separate bins for nappies/pads and other potentially infectious material and developing appropriate waste management strategies. Check the local market for designs that contain no plastic or petrochemical (elastic) or consider whether this could become a livelihoods/enterprise opportunity, in coordination with the integration sector.

• Think of the use of the items provided and whether there is a safe way to re-use such items or avoid single-use products.

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