Virtual Environmental and Humanitarian Adviser Tool – (VEHA Tool) is a tool
to easily integrate environmental considerations in humanitarian response. Sector Planning guidances allow you to environmentally align your project strategy design.

back to sector

VEHA - Sector Planning Guidance

Essential Healthcare - Zoonotic Diseases

Essential Healthcare – Zoonotic Diseases

Sector result

Ensure appropriate health response while minimising any negative programme impact on the natural environment


Define the indicators

% of identified breeding sites where the vector’s life cycle is disrupted using environmentally sustainable methods.

% of people who have taken action to protect themselves from relevant vector-borne diseases while minimizing the use of pesticides


Ask Questions

Have health and sanitation activities been designed to minimise the risks of groundwater and surface water pollution and vector-borne disease as per Sphere WASH standards 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4.1, and 4.2 and associated guidance notes?

Have vector control activities been designed to minimise the use of chemicals and nearby environmental pollution?


Include a Source of Verification

Design review

Monitoring and evaluation.


Consult Guidance & Examples

• Address vector control to reduce chemical contamination risks and minimising insecticide use.

• Safe elimination or control of mosquitoes, stagnant water, and other vectors without the use of chemicals is the best mitigation approach (note that fumigation does not eliminate mosquitoes in all phases of their life cycle and is therefore of limited impact).

• Mosquito-borne disease can also be particularly severe for children, resulting in developmental complications due to microcephaly (Zika) or cerebral malaria. These often arise from stagnant water and water storage often used where piped water supply cannot be guaranteed 24/7.

• Use natural products where possible, such as mosquito-repellent plants (e.g. limoncello, lemon eucalyptus), integrated pest management or apply best practices in the use of chemical vector controls.

to top
icon-menu icon-close icon-account icon-arrow icon-down icon-back icon-pointed-arrow icon-left icon-up icon-bookmark icon-share twitter facebook2 printer envelope icon-close-alt icon-top icon-loading icons / login