Virtual Environmental and Humanitarian Adviser Tool – (VEHA Tool) is a tool
to easily integrate environmental considerations in humanitarian response. Sector Planning guidances allow you to environmentally align your project strategy design.

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VEHA - Sector Planning Guidance

Non-agricultural livelihoods

Non-Agricultural livelihoods – Income Generation and employment Livelihoods (Strengthening, Diversifying and protecting)

Sector result

Vulnerable people have the means of making a living and satisfying their daily needs in a sustainable way, building their resilience through livelihoods.


Define the indicators

· Number or percentage of target households that have enough [food, cash, income] to meet their livelihood protection threshold and to improve their assets to make them more resilient and sustainable (“build back better” approach)

· This indicator also includes the “build back better” approach, which not just recover what households/productive groups had before the crisis/shock, but also improve their assets to make them more resilient and sustainable

· Number/Percentage of target population employed or self-employed in sustainable and environmental livelihood activities

·Number/percentage of target population applying key environmental practices to their livelihoods.


Ask Questions

· Have you considered the possibility of reducing waste volumes from production activities and/or other businesses?

· Do your submission’s livelihood activities include any livelihoods related to natural resource management or livelihoods which contribute to reducing existing environmental problems?

· In labor market insertion projects/activities, have you considered the insertion into sustainable and environmentally beneficiary activities (e.g.: recycling initiatives)

· Do your cash initiatives or voucher activities include measures to reduce the risk of deforestation for fuel and/or any other identified possible environmental impacts arising from cash-based initiatives in the local context?

· Does your activity/programme/project include supplying environmental or waste management guidance?

· Do you cash for work activities include paid activities to address underlying environmental problems?

· Does your project include paid environmental education activities adapted to the various contexts and types of businesses?

· Have you considered community preferences, existing livelihood skills, the physical environment as well as local practices?

· Have you considered the possible indirect impacts of livelihood programmes on children (e.g.: missing school because they are required to support the household while a parent is working)?

· Have you considered energy needs for mechanised labor, food processing, cold chains, and efficient burning devices?

· Have the labor rates for community members and government minimum wage for unskilled and skilled work been understood?


Include a Source of Verification

· Monitor the number of environmental cash for work activities that remain as community routines, at least 6 months after the end of the project.

· Monitor the number of environmental clean-up and/or restoration cash for work done.

· Monitor the number of CVA activities designed with community inputs to strengthen environmental capacities.

· Monitor the number of formal job opportunities and businesses generated in the green economy by humanitarian activities, to monitor indirect environmental impact reduction by decreasing the percentage of opportunities in the "grey economy".

· Monitor the number of partnerships established to boost labor market insertion in the green economy.

· Monitor the number of pilot projects to introduce better practices implemented.

·Monitor the number of beneficiaries that completed training programmes such as labor skills training, environmental and financial education, better and sustainable production practices, technical guidance for adaptation to new markets, etc.

· Number of women and other vulnerable groups working in the green economy (to monitor the reduction of a gender imbalance).

· Identified an increase in social and environmental sustainability awareness amongst stakeholders.

· Identify the number/percentage of target natural resources under improved natural resource management

· Number of farmers applying climate-smart practices, measures for conserving natural resources in collaboration with other relevant actors.


Consult Guidance & Examples

· Map local LHs and assess their impact on the environment. Assess how impacts can be mitigated whilst LHs are still strengthened: manufacturing, mining, service economy, green economy.

·  Establishing an eco-friendly fund for development with different mechanisms, including 1) payment for ecosystem services; 2) incentives for sustainable practices; 3) green microcredit; 4) full compensation for switching to eco-friendly production and energy resources.

· The creation of businesses for recycling solid wastes, which guarantee the national minimum wage as well as additional earnings from sales of the recycled products produced.

· Promote agricultural best practices, fire breaks, and forest conservation, particularly following the long dry season.

· Mainstream climate change adaptation in food security and livelihoods activities by considering the impacts of climate change on water availability, agricultural production systems and practices, yields, pest occurrence, market structures, irrigation systems, planting schedules, and irrigation practices and by engaging in climate-smart livelihoods interventions.

· Develop an environmentally sensitive approach to setting production strategies

· Reduce the risk of undernutrition and other public health risks by ensuring that participation in income-earning opportunities does not undermine childcare or other caring responsibilities.

· Promote partnerships with the private sector and other stakeholders to create sustainable employment opportunities.

· Create innovation hubs or local learning cooperatives to share ideas and support each other in developing green economy sustainable livelihoods

· Promote the production or sourcing of environmentally sustainable construction materials, and reduction and reuse construction waste as an income-generating activity and provide associated vocational training.

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