Virtual Environmental and Humanitarian Adviser Tool – (VEHA Tool) is a tool
to easily integrate environmental considerations in humanitarian response. Sector Planning guidances allow you to environmentally align your project strategy design.

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VEHA - Sector Planning Guidance

Water supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (WASH)
Vector control

Vector control

Sector result

Ensure access to water and sanitation for communities while sustainably managing land, water, and ecosystems.


Define the indicators

% of identified breeding sites where the vector’s life cycle is disrupted.

% of people who have taken action to protect themselves from relevant vector-borne diseases whilst minimizing the use of pesticides.


Ask Questions

Have vector control activities been designed to minimize the use of chemicals and environmental pollution?


Include a Source of Verification

Add to monitoring and evaluation plans


Consult Guidance & Examples

· Use natural vector control methods to reduce chemical contamination risks and minimising insecticide use.

· Mosquito-borne diseases can be particularly severe for children, resulting in developmental complications such as microcephaly (Zika) or cerebral malaria. These often arise from stagnant water and water storage, often used where continuous piped water supply cannot be guaranteed.

· Safe elimination or control of mosquitoes, stagnant water, and other vectors without the use of chemicals is the best mitigation approach (note that fumigation does not eliminate mosquitoes in all phases of their life cycle and is therefore of limited impact).

· Use natural products where possible, such as mosquito-repellent plants (e.g. limonsillo, lemon eucalyptus), integrated pest management or apply best practices in the use of chemical vector controls.

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