Gender determines what is expected, allowed and valued in a person within a specific context. It determines opportunities, responsibilities and resources, as well as powers associated with a specific biological gender. These attributes and powers are socially constructed and learnt through a socialization process. It is important to understand that gender constructs are context/ and time-specific and changeable. Gender is not only about women, although since women and girls tend to be at a disadvantaged position, the promotion of gender equality often involves the empowerment of girls and women.
People experience hazards, crisis and humanitarian assistance differently depending on their gender and their social position within society. More women than men die as a cause of natural disasters (for example tsunamis or heat waves) but are also differently affected during recovery. After a disaster, women are more likely to become victims of domestic and sexual violence. Since they are often more involved in cooking and carrying water, the availability of natural resources in the aftermath of a disaster, as well as the stability of the climate, will directly influence the daily lives of women and girls. Moreover, disasters and crisis often cause increased burdens from taking care of the sick and wounded, which is considered a female responsibility in many societies.
It is important to:
Analyze the nexus between gender, environment, resilience and development to create a nuanced understanding of the ways different groups are 1) affected by emergencies and 2) use natural resources to get an understanding of who decides, acts and benefits
Recognize that women are powerful agents of change, whose full participation is critical in emergency response and environmental management
Develop a gender strategy which examines the linkages between gender roles and natural resources, disaster risk and environmental change
Report / Study
Gender, Climate & Security
The impact of Climate Change has already increased the insecurity of vulnerable communities in serval regions across the globe, including exacerbating the loss of livelihoods, food insecurity, competition over scarce resources, human mobility and political and economic instability.
The Knowledge Platform on Gender, Natural Resources, Climate and Peace
The Knowledge Platform on Gender, Natural Resources, Climate and Peace is provided by the Joint Programme of UN Environment, UN Women, the UN Development Programme and the UN Peacebuilding Support Office. The platform brings together practitioners, researchers, policymakers and other actors to share resources on programming and research.
Gender-based violence and environment
This UN Environment graphic overview highlights the links between gender-based violence and environment…
WEDO: Gender and Biodiversity
Women's Environment and Development Organization study on the relationship between Gender and Biodiversity, also relevant for protection cluster…
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Age, Gender and Diversity in UNHCR operations
How UNHCR covers Age, Gender and Diversity. Provides valuable follow up information on topics indirectly related to environmental factors.