Natural Resource Management

Natural Resource Management

The effective management of land/land-use including agriculture, forestry, water systems, life-forms and atmospheric environment is vital to reduce disaster risks and community vulnerability to disasters impacts.

Natural Resource Management

Back

Natural resources are naturally occurring substances or features of the environment (physical or biological). Since natural resources can be exploited, they represent actual or potential sources of wealth that occur in a natural state, such as timber, water, fertile land, wildlife and minerals. A natural resource qualifies as a renewable resource if it is replenished by natural processes at a rate comparable to its rate of consumption by humans or other users. A natural resource is considered non-renewable when it exists in a fixed amount, or when it cannot be regenerated on a scale comparative to its consumption.

Disaster impacts, environmental degradation, as well as the inadequate management and use of natural resources perpetuate or even amplify disaster risk and can severely undermine the resilience of populations directly depended on the natural resources provided by local ecosystems. Since natural resources are particularly important for the poorest and most vulnerable communities in the world, they are most severely affected by deteriorating environmental conditions and factors limiting natural resource access. Environmental degradation and damages to ecosystems reduces the capacity of ecosystems to provide important services to communities, such as food, firewood, medicines and protection from natural hazards. It also greatly reduces a landscape’s ability to sequester carbon – a crucial element in climate change mitigation. When natural resources are poorly managed, inequitably shared, or when operations are implemented without due consideration for the environmental context and communities, tensions might emerge that can escalate into violent conflict or feed into and exacerbate pre-existing conflict dynamics.

Vulnerability to water insecurity is particularly high in many developing countries, with a high risk of waterborne diseases and little available resources to invest in alternative technological solutions. Climate change further poses high risk of abrupt and irreversible regional-scale change in the composition, structure, and function of terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, including wetlands (IPCC, 2014). Therefore, wise use of natural resources such as wetlands, watersheds and river basins for their regulatory services is paramount.

The effective management of land/land-use including agriculture, forestry, water systems, life-forms and atmospheric environment is vital to reduce disaster risks and community vulnerability to disasters impacts. Ecosystem restoration and the sustainable use of natural resources facilitates people’s ability to prevent, cope with and recover from disasters. Key natural resource management considerations that are relevant throughout disaster preparedness, response and recovery include:

Resources

Report / Study

Environment and Humanitarian Action: Increasing Effectiveness, Sustainability and Accountability

A study about the integration of environmental considerations in humanitarian action and recommended action to improve its effectiveness, accountability, and sustainability.

Learn More

Guideline

WWF/OFDA Natural & Nature-based Flood Management: A Green Guide

The Flood Green Guide is an open-source resource that provides guidance on using natural and nature-based methods for flood risk management published by WWF and the US Agency for International Development Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance.

Learn More

Guideline

USAID Sector Environmental Guidelines: Agriculture

This guide examines natural resources management activities that can play a role in fortifying farming systems sustainability. Soil and water conservation or on a larger scale, watershed management can build local farming systems resilience to climatic variability and change and extreme events and add incrementally to their agricultural productivity.

Learn More

Guideline

UN Environment: Natural Resources and Conflict – A Guide for Mediation Practitioners

This guide collects and summarizes good practices on the successful mediation of resource conflicts. It draws on the field experiences of mediators and mediation experts, specifically those with natural resource expertise.

Learn More

Mission Report

Joint Mission Report – Maban Camps, Upper Nile State, South Sudan

This joint mission report formulates a strategy and framework to operationalize the environment as a cross-cutting issue.

Learn More

Guideline

Environment Marker Sector Guidance

This guidance accompanies the Environment Marker, and aims at giving specific guidance on mitigation measures for activities in “B”-coded projects (medium environmental impact). It provides additional sector-specific guidance, using the example of Sudan.

Learn More

Case Study

Mapping the Green Economy: A Case of Venezuelan refugees and migrants in Brazil

This latest report on Green Jobs maps the green economy in Brazil, supporting the development of strategies that UNHCR can adopt to further the labour integration of Venezuelan refugees and migrants in the country. The study aims at quantifying and locating green jobs in Brazil, understanding the labour situation…

Learn More

Report / Study

Restocking woody biomass to reduce social and environmental pressures in refugee-hosting landscapes

Northwest Uganda, examines the quantity and composition of biomass in the two refugee settlements and the buffer zone around them. It is based on an inventory that counted and identified every seedling and sapling and all standing trees on 234 circular plots and recorded their diameter at breast height (DBH),…

Learn More

Case Study

The Migration-Environment Nexus: the situation in Northwest Uganda

The thesis of this report, is that refugees inevitably place strain on natural resources and ecosystems. The core humanitarian sectors of water and health depend upon healthy, functioning ecosystems, they argue. And taking measures, such as catchment-based planning for water, as early as possible can make a vast difference to…

Learn More

Case Study

World Agroforestry: Restoring Natural Capital Through Tree-Based Interventions to Deduce Social Tensions in Humanitarian Settings

This document published by World Agroforestry details its initiative in Northern Uganda landscapes. The initiative focused on identifying potential tree-based approaches to protecting and restoring the ecoystem and assessing the enablers for fast-tracking ecosystem restoration in Rhino Camp and Imvepi settlements.

Learn More

Case Study

Research Article – Impacts of Forests on Children’s Diet in Rural Areas Across 27 Developing Countries

A research study looking at the impacts of forests on diet. The results indicates that forests could help reduce vitamin A and iron deficiencies and the study establishes the causal relationship between forests and diet, thus strengthening the incentives for integrating forest conservation and management into nutrition interventions.

Learn More

Case Study

FAO – Rapid Assessment of Natural Resources Degradation in Areas Impacted by the South Sudan Refugee Influx in Northern Uganda

A technical report on the rapid diagnostic assessment of land and natural resources degradation in Uganda undertaken by the FAO in collaboration with the Ugandan Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) in 2018.

Learn More

Report / Study

Disasters Emergency Committee – Environmental Impact Scoping: the environmental impact of humanitarian action

This report published by the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) highlights the results of its environmental impact scoping. The report was prepared as a scoping exercise for DEC members in order to highlight possible areas for further research among the membership. It summarizes the key tools, mechanisms and initiatives aimed at…

Learn More

Guideline

UNDG – Natural Resource Management in Transition Settings

This guidance note aims to raise awareness and increase understanding of the negative and positive roles that natural resources can play in peace consolidation. It provides practical guidance to assist in thinking through how natural resource management principles and practices can feed into transitional analysis and planning frameworks.

Learn More

Case Study

WWF – Cluster Tip Sheets

Case studies of the Hariyo Ban Programs in Nepal, designed to build resilience to climate change in communities and ecosystems by restoring and conserving Nepal's forest. The studies, conducted by the WWF,demonstrates how the projects have been implemented after disasters…

Learn More

Guideline

UNCBD Voluntary guidelines for the design and effective implementation of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction

UN Convention on Biodiversity comprehensive guidelines for the design and effective implementation of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, including opportunities for the humanitarian sector…

Learn More

Guideline

IUCN Environment and Disasters

A collection of resources and guidance on ecosystems, livelihoods, and dissater risk reduction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)…

Learn More

Tool

MapX

A cloud solution for mapping and monitoring the sustainable use of natural resources.

Learn More

Guideline

USAID Sector Environmental Guidelines: Wild caught Fisheries and Aquaculture

USAID investments in wild-caught fisheries and aquaculture are made in the context of international, national, and agency guidelines, agreements, and policies. These policies represent the governance framework within which USAID projects in the fisheries and aquaculture sector are designed, implemented, and evaluated for responsible environmental stewardship.

Learn More

Guideline

USAID Sector Environmental Guidelines: Livestock

This guideline will help identify potential adverse environmental impacts of use of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry, and other livestock and suggest mitigation and monitoring options, as well as “best management practices,” to address them.

Learn More

Report / Study

Wetlands International – Water Shocks: Wetlands and Human Migration in the Sahel

A Wetlands International report on the situation of wetlands and human migration in the Sahel.

Learn More

Mission Report

UNDAC Disaster Response Preparedness Mission – Mosul Dam, Iraq

A mission report from the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission mapping of dam failure scenarios for Mosul Dam in Iraq.

Learn More

Guideline

UN Environment – Natural Resources and Conflict: A Guide for Mediation Practitioners

Guidance document produced by UN Environment Programme for stakeholders mediating conflicts and disputes over natural resources.

Learn More

Report / Study

UNHCR, The Environment & Climate Change Report

A UNHCR publication covering topics such as the impacts of climate change on displacement, climate change, armed conflict as well as the role and challenges of the work of UNHCR.

Learn More

Policy Document

GFMC Report – Vegetation Fires and Global Change

Challenges for Concerted International Actors - A White Paper directed to the United Nations and International Organizations.

Learn More
Back
to top
icon-menu icon-close icon-account icon-arrow icon-down icon-back icon-pointed-arrow icon-left icon-up icon-bookmark icon-share twitter facebook2 printer envelope icon-close-alt icon-top icon-loading icons / login