Virtual Environmental and Humanitarian Adviser Tool – (VEHA Tool) is a tool
to easily integrate environmental considerations in humanitarian response. Field Implementation guidances are useful for the design and execution of humanitarian activities in the field.
The targeting process, which determines who does and does not receive resources, is the most common conflict sensitivity flashpoint across all international aid. Even when aid is targeted to the most vulnerable, this can be perceived as bias. Vulnerability often coincides with lines of division among and between communities.
Conflict regarding food assistance can prevent access for the most vulnerable people. This can force them into environmentally harmful coping strategies.
Efforts to reach the most marginalized could inadvertently exacerbate conflict, reinforcing people’s marginalized status within the community, with no power to control the assets targeted to them. This could lead to environmental damaging practices.
Loss of biodiversity and ecosystems
Natural Resource depletion
Impact on wellbeing / mental health
Water sources and soil can be affected by accumulation of waste and spills from piled wasted items. Accumulation of packaging may result in contamination of water sources and end up in rivers, lakes and the ocean.
Overcalculation of people in need of food assistance can cause accumulation of packaging or unused items may pile due to expiration. This can cause problems not only for the packaging but the contents that need to be properly disposed of. They cannot be dumped in water courses or the ground because of the nutritional element they usually contain which can be harmful for the surrounding ecosystems and can spread disease.
Assess potential community conflict over who will benefit from food assistance programmes
Collect and analyse representative data to establish accurate numbers of people in need of food assistance in order to deliver sufficient and adequate quantities of supplies and avoid accumulation of supplies.
Organize community dialogues to increase understanding and acceptance of the delivered assistance.
Plan solid waste management in advance, such as reduction, return, composting, recycling.
Save the Children have found that the challenges associated with food aid – displaced international trade, depressed producer prices in recipient countries, labour supply disincentives, delivery delays, misuse by intermediaries,
diversion to resale or feeding livestock or alcohol brewing, dependency, inattention to beneficiaries’ micronutrient needs, etc. – all revolve ultimately around questions of targeting. They found that improved targeting of food aid could improve the effectiveness of food aid in accomplishing its primary humanitarian
and development aim – the maintenance of valuable human capital –and reduce many of the errors that sometimes make food aid
controversial, ineffective, or both. This could reduce negative market and environmental impact.s
Estimations of need for food supplies are accurate and wasted/expired elements is close to zero.
Prevention of environmental damage
Mitigation of environmental damage
This does not require additional effort or resources to those already needed for programme design. Ensure appropriate time for conflict analysis