Disaster Preparedness

Disaster Preparedness

Environment in emergency response preparedness

Key Resource

Scoping Study: Coordinated Assessment for Environmental and Humanitarian Action

Throughout the humanitarian programme cycle of disaster preparedness, response, and recovery, a range of guidelines, manuals, toolkits and mechanisms have been developed to support the decision-making assessment process. However, no single mechanism or tool is comprehensive or accepted as standard operating procedure. Furthermore, the extent to which environmental assessments are integrated into the overall humanitarian emergency planning process can vary significantly. This patchwork of environmental tools can complicate when, where, and how to integrate environmental considerations into humanitarian projects and programmes.

Developed and published by the Joint Initiative, this scoping report provides a situational analysis, outlining the challenges and providing draft recommendations regarding the use of   environmental assessment tools, with focus on the Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment in Disasters (REA).

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Key Resource

Beyond Response: Better Preparedness for Environmental Emergencies

The course, available in Arabic, English, French, Spanish and Russian, provides an overview of the international environmental emergency response mechanisms and introduces the main actors and tools available for preparing for, and responding to, environmental emergencies.

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Key Resource

The Emergency Response Preparedness (ERP) approach

The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Emergency Response Preparedness (ERP) approach enables the humanitarian community to proactively prepare for crises requiring a coordinated international response. The ERP approach supports the identification and prioritization of preparedness actions to ensure an effective humanitarian response in the first few weeks of an emergency.

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Key Resource

Environment in Emergency Response Preparedness

Environment in Emergency Response Preparedness outlines the minimum and advanced environmental preparedness actions that can be taken as part of overall Emergency Response Preparedness (ERP), and follows the Inter-Agency Standing Committee guidance on ERP.

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Key Resource

The Environmental Emergencies Guidelines

These guidelines focus specifically on the roles and responsibilities of regional and international institutions and frameworks in environmental emergency response.

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The Environmental Emergency Risk Index (EERI)

The Environmental Emergency Risk Index (EERI) builds upon existing humanitarian, development and environmental performance indices to support prioritizing work on environmental emergency preparedness and environment in humanitarian action.

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Key Resource

Environment and Humanitarian Action: Increasing Effectiveness, Sustainability and Accountability

This study examines the of integration of environmental considerations in humanitarian operations and provides recommendations for collective action to improve the effectiveness, accountability, and sustainability of humanitarian action.

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Key Resource

Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level (APELL)

The Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level (APELL) Programme aims to reduce industrial risks at local level, raise awareness and build local capacity to respond to emergencies.

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Key Resource

The Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT)

The Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT) helps to identify existing or potential acute environmental impacts that pose risks for humans, human life-support functions and ecosystems, following sudden-onset natural disasters. FEAT focuses primarily on immediate and acute impacts arising from released hazardous chemicals.

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Key Resource

Introduction to the Flash Environmental Assessment Tool: FEAT

The course, available in English and Russian, equips environmental experts and international first responders with the necessary knowledge to rapidly identify, prioritize, and mitigate the impacts of industrial chemical releases to human health and the environment.

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Key Resource

Environmental Legislation on Disaster Risk Management

Guidance on legal and policy framework from across the world along with special reference to the Indian legal framework and disaster management guidelines

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Key Resource

Environment in Humanitarian Action

The course, available in English, French, Spanish and Russian, provides humanitarian actors with information on how to effectively integrate environmental issues into humanitarian response and early recovery strategies.

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Key Resource

Disaster Waste Management: best practices and tools

The course, available in English, French, Spanish and Russian, seeks to provide humanitarian response staff as well as local, national, and regional government authorities with increased awareness and enhanced knowledge on disaster waste and management strategies to mitigate their environmental impact.

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Key Resource

Environmental Emergencies: Learning from Multilateral Response to Disasters

This publication draws attention to the importance of multilateral cooperation in preparing for and responding to environmental emergencies. It raises awareness of the devastation that environmental emergencies can cause and highlights the strong need to integrate humanitarian and environmental action.

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Additional Resource

Disasters Emergency Committee – Environmental Impact Scoping: the environmental impact of humanitarian action

This report published by the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) highlights the results of its environmental impact scoping. The report was prepared as a scoping exercise for DEC members in order to highlight possible areas for further research among the membership. It summarizes the key tools, mechanisms and initiatives aimed at mainstreaming the environment in humanitarian action.

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Additional Resource

The Knowledge Hub on Health and Migration

The Knowledge Hub on Health and Migration is a joint effort committed to building expertise on the public health aspects of migration and making  information in this area widely available. The Hub provides tool kits, training materials, reports and schooling to better prepare for the health needs which arise during large-scale migration events.

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Additional Resource

Flood Resilience Portal

The Flood Resilience Portal is a tool which provides open access to resources to build resiliency to floods. It issues reviews of past responses and provides community-specific flood resilience measurements.

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Additional Resource

Prepare Center

PrepareCenter.org is an initiative established by the Red Cross which provides reports, case studies and training materials to encourage better preparedness for emergencies. It also provides insights and tools to integrate themes such as climate change, environment and urban resilience in disaster preparedness.

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Additional Resource

Asia Pacific – DWM guidelines

The Disaster Waste Management Guidelines for Asia Pacific, published by the Japanese Ministry of the Environment, is developed to enhance preparedness for disasters by exchanging information, awareness and human resources during normal (non-hazard) times.  The guidelines aims to provide a practical tool during a potential disaster as well as in a post-disaster recovery stage by preparing DW disposal in advance for a more effective process.

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Additional Resource

CDEMA, IFRC & UNDP – Early Warning System Toolkit

The Early Warning Systems Toolkit is an information resource for sector practitioners, policy and decision makers which can assist in developing and/or strengthening early warning systems for hydro-meteorological and coastal hazards within the Caribbean context. The Toolkit is a compilation of guidance and operational documents in an online platform developed by the CDEMA, IFRC and UNDP.

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Additional Resource

UN, Environment and Humanitarian Action in the Age of Global Reform Agendas

This summary is based on previous studies and work conducted by the UN Environment / OCHA Joint Unit and its partners related to integrating environment in humanitarian action. It outlines major humanitarian trends that will shape the future integration of environmental considerations in humanitarian action.

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Additional Resource

IrishAid: Environment and Humanitarian Assistance

This document published by Irish Aid provides a general overview of the links between environment and humanitarian assistance.

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Key Activities

1.

Environmental Situation Analysis

Understanding the current and potential future environmental conditions of a region is essential for an efficient and sustainable response

2.

Assessments

Risk analysis provides a common understanding and prioritization of risks, and should include existing environmental conditions and threats

3.

Environmental Preparedness Planning

Addressing environment as part of preparedness planning lays the foundation for its integration into humanitarian action.

4.

Risk Awareness

Communicating risks effectively to populations and communities is essential for people to be able to be better prepared and to reduce the damaging impacts of hazards.

5.

Institutional and Legal System

Policies supported by institutional frameworks and legal arrangements make up the disaster risk management framework. In order to systematically integrate environmental concerns in humanitarian action, one must consider the institutional arrangements governing disaster preparedness, response, recovery and emergency funding.

6.

Risk Monitoring

An understanding of evolving risks is fundamental to a timely and effective response. The analysis of disaster risks informs the planning of a response, while monitoring ensures that the process is responsive to changing contexts

7.

Information and Data Sharing

Information management services support humanitarian actors in gathering, analyzing and disseminating key information about a humanitarian situation.

8.

Capacity and Resource Base

It is important to identify and close gaps between existing resources and anticipated emergency response needs. In preparedness, this entails an assessment of the current disaster risk management system and its available resources as well as capacities.

9.

Response Coordination Mechanisms

Environmental actors are assigned specific roles and responsibilities within the response, and interact with other responders within existing coordination mechanisms.

10.

Training and Exercises

Including environmental considerations in disaster response exercises and trainings encourages exchange among actors and lays the foundation for a sustainable response.

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