Situation Analysis

Situation Analysis

Taking account the environment in a Situation Analysis following a crisis

Situation Analysis

A situation analysis following a crisis typically looks at key crisis drivers, affected areas, the number and type of affected people, the ways in which people are affected, the most urgent needs and available capacities. In the humanitarian coordination system, initial analysis is conducted through crisis type specific analytical tools such as the Flash Appeal/Multi Cluster-Sector Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) and the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO). When analysing the situation, major environmental concerns should not be overlooked: environmental change and climate-related hazards are often key drivers of disaster risk. In addition, environmental issues can have negative implications for the subsequent delivery of humanitarian assistance.

Identifying acute environmental concerns, root environmental causes of the crisis, as well as pre-crisis vulnerabilities tied to environmental issues raises awareness and contributes to environmental mainstreaming. Other relevant environmental considerations for the situation analysis include geographical implications, how the environmental consequences of the disaster might negatively impact affected people and how environmental factors might contribute to present disaster risk or conflict patterns. The nature of a disaster usually makes extensive data gathering very difficult, which means that various environmental information gaps are likely to occur. Environmental emergency preparedness and experience and expertise on environmental issues in disasters are important for filling such information gaps. The knowledge and perspective of local populations and environmental actors are also extremely valuable for an analysis of the context that mainstreams environmental considerations.

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