Virtual Environmental and Humanitarian Adviser Tool – (VEHA Tool) is a tool
to easily integrate environmental considerations in humanitarian response. Field Implementation guidances are useful for the design and execution of humanitarian activities in the field.
Food production, market availability and quality, and market food prices are all good indicators to provide early warning of malnutrition. If nutritional deficiencies are not addressed early, they can lead to wasting and stunted growth, child death, illness, and increased vulnerability to infectious disease (e.g. malaria, diarrhoea, measles, ARLI, HIV), impaired physical & mental development. These impacts can increase the demands on medical and public health.
Infants less than six months old who are not breastfed, in non-emergency situations, are more than 14 times more likely to die from all causes than exclusively breastfed children.
Some dietary advice may include (increased) consumption of certain foods. If these are not “quick cook” varieties, this can result in increased deforestation (for cooking fuel) and exposure to smoke for a longer period (where wood is used for cooking).
Behaviour and knowledge of caregivers will have a direct impact on whether or not natural resources are depleted unsustainably and whether or not water, air, and soil are polluted.
Women are the primary caregivers, providers of breastfeeding, and provide most meals for children. It is critical that they are supported in understanding malnutrition and how strengthening the local environment can increase their resilience to its recurrence.
Natural resource depletion
Impact on wellbeing / mental health
Nutritional advice given in Darfur included training and demonstration on personal hygiene and on disease transmission from the addition of water to babies’ milk. Support was given on improving the mother’s nutrition and fluid intaking, and breastfeeding support. Infant sicknesses reduced.
Caregivers and breastfeeding counsellors are aware of context-specific food