Virtual Environmental and Humanitarian Adviser Tool – (VEHA Tool) is a tool
to easily integrate environmental considerations in humanitarian response. Field Implementation guidances are useful for the design and execution of humanitarian activities in the field.
Achieving food security and ending hunger requires healthy natural ecosystems and sustainable use of natural resources. Many food-insecure populations bear the consequences of degraded land and forests, scarce water, biodiversity loss, polluted soils, water and air, and unmanaged waste. These environmental factors have impacts on human health and limit the availability, accessibility, utilization, and stability of food.
The loss of agrobiodiversity, coupled with increased access to processed and ultra-processed foods of more limited nutritional value, contributes to the general trend toward the simplification of human diets. Paradoxically, whilst trade in agricultural products has led to increased consumer choice, the homogenization of agricultural crop and livestock production (i.e. reduced varieties, species, or breeds) also limits the nutritional value of food choices available to communities and individuals. The loss of genetic crops and breeds used for food is of particular concern. The steady decline of genetic diversity in agroecosystems resulting from intense selection has been dramatic, affecting not only cultivated plant varieties but also their wild relatives.
Children are most vulnerable to nutrient deficiencies from worms.
Loss of biodiversity and ecosystems
Natural resource depletion
Impact on wellbeing / mental health
Increased intensity of storms/hurricanes
Nutritional supplements, cooking equipment, fuel, weighing equipment packing can amount to a significant impact on the environment.
Nutrition supplements often come in plastic containers, which increase volumes of plastic waste.
Food fortification has become an increasingly significant strategy to address gaps in micronutrient intakes in populations with measurable impact in both industrialized and developing countries. While the positive impacts are well recognized there are new concerns in some countries that excessive fortification of foods, outdated nutritional labeling rules, and misleading marketing tactics used by food manufacturers may result in young children consuming harmful amounts of some vitamins and minerals.
Look at the role of industrial fortification and biofortification.
In South Sudan, Humanitarian agencies provided nutritional supplement feeding and found that over time waste was accumulating on land and in watercourses, causing pollution. Agencies responded by setting up feeding centers and removing packaging prior to distribution where possible; providing safe comfortable feeding areas and encouraging their use, followed by encouragement to return all waste packaging prior to leaving the feeding center.
Cases of micronutrient deficiencies are treated according to current best clinical practice
Prevention of environmental damage
Time and budget to negotiate with suppliers and distributors to reduce or improve packaging.