Virtual Environmental and Humanitarian Adviser Tool – (VEHA Tool) is a tool
to easily integrate environmental considerations in humanitarian response. Field Implementation guidances are useful for the design and execution of humanitarian activities in the field.
Soil-transmitted helminth infections are among the most common infections in humans, caused by a group of parasites commonly referred to as worms, including roundworms, whipworms, and hookworms. Those living in poverty are most vulnerable to infection which can impair nutritional status by causing: internal bleeding which can lead to loss of iron and anaemia; intestinal inflammation and obstruction; diarrhoea; and impairment of nutrient intake, digestion, and absorption.
Soil-transmitted helminths – which include roundworms (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworms (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworms (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale) – are among the most common causes of infection in people who live in the developing world. WHO estimates that over 270 million preschool children and over 600 million school-age children are living in areas where these parasites are intensively transmitted and are in need of treatment and preventive interventions.
Research has shown that when children are treated with deworming medication, worm infections become less prevalent not only for children who received the medication but for those who live in the same environment as treated children.
Children are most vulnerable to nutrient deficiencies from worms.
Impact on wellbeing / mental health
Helminths transmitted by eggs excreted in human faeces, contaminating soil.
Vitamin Angels cooperate with local partners to give anti-parasitics and vitamin A supplements to children in Belize, Bolivia, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru. They also support communities in hygiene awareness and hygiene behaviour change and have seen a significant drop in environmental transmission.
The number of deworming treatments provided.
Prevention of environmental damage
Time and budget for medication, and for funding hygiene, water and sanitation facilities, and training.